Jaén is a city in south-central Spain. The name is derived, with all probability, from the Roman name “villa Gaena” (village of Gaius), which the Arabs called Yayyan. It is the capital of the province of Jaén. It is located in the autonomous community of Andalusia.
The city is known as the World Capital of Olive Oil, because it is the biggest producer of the oil, known by locals as liquid gold. The layout of Jaén is determined by its position in the hills of the Santa Catalina mountains, with steep, narrow streets, in the historical central city district. On 1 April 1938, during the Spanish Civil War, the city was bombed by the Nazis.
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